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Person-Centered Schools

Kapitel i bok
Författare Paulo Moreira
Danilo Garcia
Publicerad i Personality and Brain Disorders: Associations and Interventions
Sidor 183-225
ISBN 978-3-319-90065-0
Förlag Springer
Förlagsort Cham, Switzerland
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 183-225
Språk en
Ämnesord Schools, Character, Personality Development, Person-Centered
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Utbildningsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

Background: Technology and material resources are available for humans at an unprecedented level, and yet a significant percentage of the population report some degree of subjective suffering, functioning impairment, or medical ill-being associated with patterns of maladaptive psychosocial functioning /lifestyles. This suggests that there is a vital need for new approaches to promoting human development. School is one of the most powerful contexts for implementing such approaches. However, a new paradigm in education is required to help schools be more efficient at preparing their students to deal adaptively with the challenges facing humanity. Schools need to be able to promote the processes underlying human holist development, rather than emphasizing the development of mainly logical-propositional dimensions, as it is the case of materialistic-oriented conventional schools. Aims: In this chapter, we argue for two points: 1) personality development is a core dimension of holistic development; 2) the most promising pathway for societies to promote a holistic development in youths is to shift toward person-centered schools. Although the need for person-centered schools was advocated decades ago, we argue that its relevance is more evident at present because of the availability of new research findings. We put conventional and mainstream schools in perspective, we revisit the classical concept of person-centered schools, and review evidence supporting the need for person-centered approaches for contemporary and short-term future schools. Conclusions: School is an ideal context for implementing a holistic approach to the promotion of human functioning. However, the effectiveness of any means aiming to promote positive adaptation in (person-centered) schools depends on intentionality, coordination, systematization, continuity, evaluation and monitoring. We need to develop and test coherent frameworks that describe the common factors, and dynamics amongst them, involved in the changing of conventional schools to person-centered schools. This process is in its embryonic phase, and is one of the current main challenges for research and practices of behavioural sciences. If done effectively, it will have substantial implications, not only for individuals' wellbeing, but also for societal organization and development.

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