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The association of minimum wage change on child nutritional status in LMICs: A quasi-experimental multi-country study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ninez Ponce
Riti Shimkhada
Amy Raub
Adel Daoud
Arijit Nandi
Linda Richter
Jody Heymann
Publicerad i Global Public Health
Volym 13
Nummer/häfte 9
Sidor 1307-1321
ISSN 1744-1692
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap
Sidor 1307-1321
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2017.13593...
Ämnesord anthropometric failure, child, Minimum wage, social protection policy, stunting, undernutrition
Ämneskategorier Demografi

Sammanfattning

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group There is recognition that social protection policies such as raising the minimum wage can favourably impact health, but little evidence links minimum wage increases to child health outcomes. We used multi-year data (2003–2012) on national minimum wages linked to individual-level data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from 23 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that had least two DHS surveys to establish pre- and post-observation periods. Over a pre- and post-interval ranging from 4 to 8 years, we examined minimum wage growth and four nutritional status outcomes among children under 5 years: stunting, wasting, underweight, and anthropometric failure. Using a differences-in-differences framework with country and time-fixed effects, a 10% increase in minimum wage growth over time was associated with a 0.5 percentage point decline in stunting (−0.054, 95% CI (−0.084,−0.025)), and a 0.3 percentage point decline in failure (−0.031, 95% CI (−0.057,−0.005)). We did not observe statistically significant associations between minimum wage growth and underweight or wasting. We found similar results for the poorest households working in non-agricultural and non-professional jobs, where minimum wage growth may have the most leverage. Modest increases in minimum wage over a 4- to 8-year period might be effective in reducing child undernutrition in LMICs.

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