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Grounding Nguni depressor effects

Kapitel i bok
Författare Laura J. Downing
Publicerad i Segmental Structure and Tone / edited by Wolfgang Kehrein, Björn Köhnlein, Paul Boersma and Marc van Oostendorp
Sidor 109-146
ISBN 978-3-11-034109-6
Förlag Walter de Gruyter
Förlagsort Berlin; Boston
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för språk och litteraturer
Sidor 109-146
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1515/97831103412...
Ämnesord Nguni languages, depressor consonants, tonal register, tone-segment interaction, depressor blocking
Ämneskategorier Bantuistik, Afrikanska språk, Lingvistik

Sammanfattning

The Nguni group of Bantu languages (Guthrie number S.40, e.g., Ndebele, Phuthi, Swati, Xhosa and Zulu) are well known for their so-called ‘depressor consonants’: that is, sets of consonants, often voiced, which interfere with productive processes of High-tone realization by lowering the pitch of a following vowel in some way. The Nguni depressor effects, at first blush, appear to illustrate the typologically common pattern of phonologizing the phonetic lowering effect voiced obstruents have on the pitch of a following vowel (Hombert 1978; Hyman & Schuh 1974). To account for this pattern, theories in a variety of frameworks formalize an explicit link between laryngeal voicing and tonal features. Single-source approaches con- sider [voice] and Low tone reflexes of the same feature, with one realization when associated to a consonant and another when associated to a vowel: see e.g. Halle & Stevens (1971), Harris (1994), Halle (1995), Bradshaw (1999), and Pearce (2007). In contrast, multiple-source approaches consider [voice] and Low tone distinct features, and phonetically grounded implicational constraints (or the equivalent) account for their interaction: see e.g., Khumalo (1987), Peng (1992), Hyman & Mathangwane (1998), Cassimjee (1998), Mathangwane (1999), Hansson (2004), Hsieh & Kenstowicz (2008), Lee (2008), Tang (2008). In this paper I show that Nguni depressor effects are best accounted for in a multiple-source approach, as they raise fundamental problems for single- source approaches.

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