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Long-Term Exposure to Transportation Noise in Relation to Development of Obesity-a Cohort Study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare A. Pyko
C. Eriksson
T. Lind
N. Mitkovskaya
A. Wallas
Mikael Ögren
C. G. Ostenson
G. Pershagen
Publicerad i Environmental Health Perspectives
Volym 125
Nummer/häfte 11
ISSN 0091-6765
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1289/ehp1910
Ämnesord road traffic noise, air-pollution, cardiovascular health, myocardial-infarction, waist circumference, aircraft noise, sleep, annoyance, hypertension, adiposity
Ämneskategorier Miljömedicin

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Exposure to transportation noise is widespread and has been associated with obesity in some studies. However, the evidence from longitudinal studies is limited and little is known about effects of combined exposure to different noise sources. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study was to estimate the association between exposure to noise from road traffic, railways, or aircraft and the development of obesity markers. METHODS: We assessed individual long-term exposure to road traffic, railway, and aircraft noise based on residential histories in a cohort of 5,184 men and women from Stockholm County. Noise levels were estimated at the most exposed facade of each dwelling. Waist circumference, weight, and height were measured at recruitment and after an average of 8.9 y of follow-up. Extensive information on potential confounders was available from repeated questionnaires and registers. RESULTS: Waist circumference increased 0.04cm/y (95% CI: 0.02, 0.06) and 0.16cm/y (95% CI: 0.14, 0.17) per 10 dB L-den in relation to road traffic and aircraft noise, respectively. No corresponding association was seen for railway noise. Weight gain was only related to aircraft noise exposure. A similar pattern occurred for incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of central obesity and overweight. The IRR of central obesity increased from 1.22 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.39) in those exposed to only one source of transportation noise to 2.26 (95% CI: 1.55, 3.29) among those exposed to all three sources. CONCLUSION: Our results link transportation noise exposure to development of obesity and suggest that combined exposure from different sources may be particularly harmful

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