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Cartilage Tissue Engineering by the 3D Bioprinting of iPS Cells in a Nanocellulose/Alginate Bioink

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Duong Nguyen
D. A. Hagg
Alma Forsman
Josefine Ekholm
Puwapong Nimkingratana
Camilla Brantsing
T. Kalogeropoulos
S. Zaunz
S. Concaro
Mats Brittberg
Anders Lindahl
P. Gatenholm
A. Enejder
Stina Simonsson
Publicerad i Scientific Reports
Volym 7
ISSN 2045-2322
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper
Språk en
Länkar 10.1038/s41598-017-00690-y
Ämnesord pluripotent stem-cells, autologous chondrocyte implantation, human, articular chondrocytes, chondrogenic differentiation, self-renewal, hydrogel, system, bone, knee
Ämneskategorier Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Sammanfattning

Cartilage lesions can progress into secondary osteoarthritis and cause severe clinical problems in numerous patients. As a prospective treatment of such lesions, human-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were shown to be 3D bioprinted into cartilage mimics using a nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) composite bioink when co-printed with irradiated human chondrocytes. Two bioinks were investigated: NFC with alginate (NFC/A) or hyaluronic acid (NFC/HA). Low proliferation and phenotypic changes away from pluripotency were seen in the case of NFC/HA. However, in the case of the 3D-bioprinted NFC/A (60/40, dry weight % ratio) constructs, pluripotency was initially maintained, and after five weeks, hyaline-like cartilaginous tissue with collagen type II expression and lacking tumorigenic Oct4 expression was observed in 3D -bioprinted NFC/A (60/40, dry weight % relation) constructs. Moreover, a marked increase in cell number within the cartilaginous tissue was detected by 2-photon fluorescence microscopy, indicating the importance of high cell densities in the pursuit of achieving good survival after printing. We conclude that NFC/A bioink is suitable for bioprinting iPSCs to support cartilage production in co-cultures with irradiated chondrocytes.

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