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Peptide Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles as a Stimuli Responsive Contrast Medium in Multiphoton Microscopy

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Johan Borglin
R. Selegard
D. Aili
Marica B Ericson
Publicerad i Nano Letters
Volym 17
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 2102-2108
ISSN 1530-6984
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi
Sidor 2102-2108
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b0061...
Ämnesord Gold nanoparticles, multiphoton microscopy, contrast media, optical sensing, peptide, absorption-induced-luminescence, surface-plasmon resonance, cancer-cells, in-vivo, photoluminescence, diagnostics, nanorods, zinc, nanocrystals, scattering, Chemistry, Science & Technology - Other Topics, Materials Science, Physics
Ämneskategorier Biomaterialvetenskap, Molekylär biofysik, Molekylärbiologi

Sammanfattning

There is a need for biochemical contrast mediators with high signal-to-noise ratios enabling noninvasive biomedical sensing, for example, for neural sensing and protein protein interactions, in addition to cancer diagnostics. The translational challenge is to develop a biocompatible approach ensuring high biochemical contrast while avoiding a raise of the background signal. We here present a concept where gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be utilized as a stimuli responsive contrast medium by chemically triggering their ability to exhibit multiphoton-induced luminescence (MIL) when performing multiphoton laser scanning microscopy (MPM). Proof-of-principle is demonstrated using peptide-functionalized AuNPs sensitive to zinc ions (Zn2+). Dispersed particles are invisible in the MPM until addition of millimolar concentrations of Zn2+ upon which MIL is enabled through particle aggregation caused by specific peptide interactions and folding. The process can be reversed by removal of the Zn2+ using a chelator, thereby resuspending the AuNPs. In addition, the concept was demonstrated by exposing the particles to matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) causing peptide digestion resulting in AuNP aggregation, significantly elevating the MIL signal from the background. The approach is based on the principle that aggregation shifts the plasmon resonance, elevating the absorption cross section in the near-infrared wavelength region enabling onset of MIL. This Letter demonstrates how biochemical sensing can be obtained in far-field MPM and should be further exploited as a future tool for noninvasive optical biosensing.

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