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Physical and mental health inequalities between native and immigrant Swedes

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Vania Ranjbar
Robin Fornazar
Henry Ascher
Ann Ekberg-Jansson
Gunnel Hensing
Publicerad i International migration
Volym 55
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 80-96
ISSN 0020-7985
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Sidor 80-96
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/imig.12312
Ämnesord Migration Health inequalities Sweden Mental health Physical health
Ämneskategorier Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

To study health inequalities between native and immigrant Swedes, we investigated differences in self-rated health (SRH), mental wellbeing (MW), common symptoms (CS), and persistent illness (PI), and if socioeconomic status (SES), negative status inconsistency, or social support could account for such differences. A secondary analysis was conducted on questionnaire data from a random adult population sample of 4,023 individuals and register data from Statistics Sweden. χ2 tests and binary logistic regressions were used to identify health differences and study these after accounting for explanatory variables. Compared with natives, immigrants more commonly reported negative status inconsistency, poorer SES, and poorer social support as well as poor SRH, very poor MW, and high level of CS but not PI. Significant differences were accounted for by work-related factors and social support. We encourage future research to address how pre- and peri-migration factors relate to immigrants’ post-migration SES, social support, and health status.

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