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Aspects of the central integration of arterial baroreceptor and cardiac ventricular receptor reflexes in the cat.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare R Little
Göran Wennergren
Bengt Öberg
Publicerad i Acta physiologica Scandinavica
Volym 93
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 85-96
ISSN 0001-6772
Publiceringsår 1975
Publicerad vid Fysiologiska institutionen
Sidor 85-96
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1975...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Animals, Blood Pressure, Carotid Sinus, physiology, Cats, Electric Stimulation, Heart Conduction System, physiology, Heart Rate, Kidney, blood supply, Muscles, blood supply, Pressoreceptors, physiology, Reflex, Regional Blood Flow, Renal Veins, Vagus Nerve, physiology
Ämneskategorier Fysiologi

Sammanfattning

The possible central integrative mechanisms, responsible for the earlier reported, differentiated reflex engagement of the renal and muscle vessels and the heart from cardiac ventricular receptors and arterial baroreceptors, respectively, were analyzed in atropinized cats. The reflux renal vessel, muscle vessel and heart rate responses, expressed as per cent of maximum, to graded activations of arterial baroreceptors (sinus pressure variations) and stimulations of ventricular receptor afferents in the cardiac nerve were systematically compared. Cardiac nerve stimulation with low frequencies was found to elicit more pronounced reflex renal vessel responses than muscle vessel and heart rate responses. In contrast, elevations of sinus pressure induced equally pronounced renal and muscle vessel responses. High frequency cardiac nerve stimulation elicited maximal reflex renal vessel responses, but only submaximal effects on muscle vessels and heart rate, while intense baroreceptor stimulation induced maximal reflex effector responses throughout. The submaximal heart rate response to cardiac nerve stimulation is probably due to a simultaneous activation of excitatory afferents. On the other hand, the less pronounced muscle than renal vessel responses when the cardiac nerve was stimulated probably reflect a relatively sparse innervation of muscle vasomotor neurons by ventricular receptor afferents, which seem instead to be preferentially oriented towards renal vasomotor and, possibly, cardiac motor neurons.

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