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Is it possible to integrate tensions in opposing views related to notions of individualization and generalization in palliative care?

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Joakim Öhlén
B Astle
M Eriksson
C Håkanson
J Lee
S Reimer-Kirkham
RIchard Sawatzky
Publicerad i International Philosophy Of Nursing Society (IPONS) Conference. August 24-26, Stockholm, Sweden.
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Centrum för personcentrerad vård vid Göteborgs universitet (GPCC)
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Omvårdnad, Palliativ medicin


There are concurrent societal, demographic and epidemiological conflicting challenges related to palliative care. Trends in globalization have led to culturally diverse and pluralistic societies with a range of perspectives of death and dying, and different expectations for palliative care. In addition, people are living longer with life-limiting conditions. Although specialized palliative care is available, including in Sweden and Canada, most people who are dying from chronic life-limiting conditions do not receive specialized palliative care, but rather utilize other health services, such as chronic disease management, primary care, intensive care or emergency room services. Within the field of palliative care the aim of the project is to integrate person-centred perspectives with standardization and measurement (including standard care plans, evidence-based practice guidelines, and patient- and family-reported outcomes and experience measures). Specifically, this presentation will focus on the initial and tentative exploration of tensions related to notions of individualization as opposed to generalization in palliative care. For the initial exploration we applied different lenses and perspectives including equity, cross-cultural, global health, person-centeredness, measurement validation, and quality indicators. Then tentative tensions between apparently opposing views were identified. For the integration of different views of international relevance to palliative care, a hermeneutic approach that is dialectic and communicative (based on Paul Ricoeur’s hermeneutics) was applied. This perspective articulates possibilities to relate opposing views without neutralizing or diffusing their central features; thus a theoretical resource to not end up in a fixed or oversimplifying “model”. This analysis is on-going. As a Swedish-Canadian collaborative initiative, with senior and junior researchers and graduate students from both countries, we target conceptual issues influencing ways societies and professionals respond to pressing, global needs in relation to the care of people with chronic life-limiting conditions approaching end-of-life.

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