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Playing by “the connected ear”: An empirical study of adolescents learning to play a pop song using Internet-accessed resources

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Cecilia Wallerstedt
Niklas Pramling
Publicerad i Research Studies in Music Education
Volym 37
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 195 –213
ISSN 1321-103X
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Linnécentret for forskning om lärande (LinCS)
Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande
Sidor 195 –213
Språk en
Ämnesord cultural tools, mediation, notation, sociocultural psychology, upper-secondary school
Ämneskategorier Utbildningsvetenskap, Musikpedagogik, Didaktik

Sammanfattning

Learning to play a song from Internet-accessed resources such as YouTube and various forms of notation challenges our understanding of what it means to learn to “play by ear”. Against this background, this article reports an empirical study of 18-year-old students in a music class trying to learn to play a song together from Internet-accessed resources in the form of notation and a sound file. The students were followed with a video camera during three consecutive lessons. The theoretical perspective is sociocultural psychology and its concepts of cultural tools and semiotic mediation (i.e., how tools such as notation provide certain perspectives on phenomena, in this case a popular song). How this novel kind of notation was used, edited and communicated is analyzed in terms of its nature and functions in this learning practice. The result indicates that the notation was primarily used to communicate (instruct and coordinate actions among the participants) about the horizontal (temporal) aspects of the song. Although the notation lacked many of the features that the students asked for and was partly incorrect, it functioned as a central mediating tool in these activities. The analysis highlights the role of the teacher in this kind of activity and what musical features the student needs to be supported in learning.

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