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The Faces of Fungi database: fungal names linked with morphology, phylogeny and human impacts

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Subashini C. Jayasiri
Kevin D. Hyde
Hiran A. Ariyawansa
Jayarama Bhat
Bart Buyck
Lei Cai
Yu-cheng Dai
Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Damien Ertz
Iman Hidayat
Rajesh Jeewon
E. B. Gareth Jones
Ali H. Bahkali
Samantha C. Karunarathna
Jian-Kui Liu
J. Jennifer Luangsa-ard
H. Thorsten Lumbsch
Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
Eric H. C. McKenzie
Jean-Marc Moncalvo
Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad
R. Henrik Nilsson
Ka-Lai Pang
Olinto L. Pereira
Alan J. L. Phillips
Olivier Raspé
Adam W. Rollins
Andrea I. Romero
Javier Etayo
Faruk Selçuk
Steven L. Stephenson
Satinee Suetrong
Joanne E. Taylor
Clement K. M. Tsui
Alfredo Vizzini
Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab
Ting-Chi Wen
Saranyaphat Boonmee
Dong Qin Dai
Dinushani A. Daranagama
Asha J. Dissanayake
Anusha H. Ekanayaka
S. C. Fryar
Sinang Hongsanan
Ruvishika S. Jayawardena
Wen-Jing Li
Rekhani H. Perera
R. Phookamsak
Nimali I. de Silva
Kasun M. Thambugala
Qing Tian
Nalin N. Wijayawardene
Rui-Lin Zhao
Qi Zhao
Ji-Chuan Kang
Itthayakorn Promputtha
Publicerad i Fungal diversity
Volym 74
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 3-18
ISSN 1560-2745
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biologi och miljövetenskap
Sidor 3-18
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13225-015-0351-...
Ämnesord Classification ; Database ; FacesofFungi ; Fungi ; Phylogeny ; Taxonomy
Ämneskategorier Databaser, Bioinformatik (beräkningsbiologi), Mikrobiologi, Botanik, Bioinformatik och systembiologi, Terrestrisk ekologi, Biologisk systematik, Evolutionsbiologi, Mikrobiologi, Jordbruksvetenskap, Skogsvetenskap, Markvetenskap

Sammanfattning

Taxonomic names are key links between various databases that store information on different organisms. Several global fungal nomenclural and taxonomic databases (notably Index Fungorum, Species Fungorum and MycoBank) can be sourced to find taxonomic details about fungi, while DNA sequence data can be sourced from NCBI, EBI and UNITE databases. Although the sequence data may be linked to a name, the quality of the metadata is variable and generally there is no corresponding link to images, descriptions or herbarium material. There is generally no way to establish the accuracy of the names in these genomic databases, other than whether the submission is from a reputable source. To tackle this problem, a new database (FacesofFungi), accessible at www.​facesoffungi.​org (FoF) has been established. This fungal database allows deposition of taxonomic data, phenotypic details and other useful data, which will enhance our current taxonomic understanding and ultimately enable mycologists to gain better and updated insights into the current fungal classification system. In addition, the database will also allow access to comprehensive metadata including descriptions of voucher and type specimens. This database is user-friendly, providing links and easy access between taxonomic ranks, with the classification system based primarily on molecular data (from the literature and via updated web-based phylogenetic trees), and to a lesser extent on morphological data when molecular data are unavailable. In FoF species are not only linked to the closest phylogenetic representatives, but also relevant data is provided, wherever available, on various applied aspects, such as ecological, industrial, quarantine and chemical uses. The data include the three main fungal groups (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Basal fungi) and fungus-like organisms. The FoF webpage is an output funded by the Mushroom Research Foundation which is an NGO with seven directors with mycological expertise. The webpage has 76 curators, and with the help of these specialists, FoF will provide an updated natural classification of the fungi, with illustrated accounts of species linked to molecular data. The present paper introduces the FoF database to the scientific community and briefly reviews some of the problems associated with classification and identification of the main fungal groups. The structure and use of the database is then explained. We would like to invite all mycologists to contribute to these web pages.

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