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The impact of servant leadership dimensions on leader–member exchange among health care professionals

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Jan Johansson Hanse
Ulrika Harlin
Caroline Jarebrant
Kerstin Ulin
Jörgen Winkel
Publicerad i Journal of Nursing Management
Volym 24
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 228–234
ISSN 0966-0429
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Centrum för personcentrerad vård vid Göteborgs universitet (GPCC)
Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap
Psykologiska institutionen
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Sidor 228–234
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12304
Ämnesord health care, leader–member exchange, leadership, servant leadership, social exchange
Ämneskategorier Arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi, Folkhälsovetenskap, Yrkesmedicin, Tillämpad psykologi, Arbetslivsstudier

Sammanfattning

Aim: The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of servant leadership dimensions on leader–member exchange (LMX) among health-care professionals. Background: Leadership support and the quality of the dyadic relationship between the leader and the employee are essential regarding the work environment and turnover intentions in health care. Method: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was undertaken at four hospital units in Sweden. The study sample included 240 employees. Results: Significant bivariate correlations were found between all servant leadership dimensions and LMX. The strongest correlations were found between ‘humility’ and LMX (r = 0.69, P < 0.001), and ‘empowerment’ and LMX (r = 0.67, P < 0.001). The hierarchical regression analyses indicated that ‘empowerment’, ‘humility’ and ‘stewardship’ explained about 55% of the variance in LMX. Conclusion: In our study servant leadership dimensions were strongly related to LMX. Implications for nursing management: The results identify specific servant leadership dimensions that are likely to be useful for developing a stronger exchange relationship between the leader (e.g. nursing manager) and individual subordinates in health care.

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