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Methodological issues in the quantification of subgingival microorganisms using the checkerboard technique.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Gunnar Dahlén
H R Preus
V Baelum
Publicerad i Journal of microbiological methods
Volym 110
Sidor 68-77
ISSN 1872-8359
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 68-77
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2015.01....
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin, Odontologi, Oral mikrobiologi

Sammanfattning

The reproducibility and reliability of quantitative microbiological assessments using the DNA-DNA hybridization "checkerboard method" (CKB) were assessed. The data originated from 180 chronic periodontitis patients, who were enrolled in a clinical trial and sampled at baseline, and 3 and 12m post-therapy. The samples were divided into two portions allowing evaluation of reproducibility. In total, 531 samples were analyzed in a first run, using standard bacterial preparations of cells and 513 samples were accessible for analysis in the second, using standards based on purified DNA from the species. The microbial probe panel consisted of periodontitis marker bacteria as well as non-oral microorganisms. Three different ways of quantifying and presenting data; the visual scoring method, VSM, the standard curve method, SCM, and the percent method, PM, were compared. The second set of analyses based on the use of standard preparations of pure DNA was shown to be more consistent than the first set using standards based on cells, while the effect of storage time per se up to 2.5y seemed to be marginal. The best reproducibility was found for Tannerella forsythia, irrespective of quantification technique (Spearman's rho=0.587, Pearson's r≥0.540). The percent method (PM) based on percent of High Standard (10(6) cells) was more reliable than SCM based on a linear calibration of the High Standard and a Low Standard (10(5) cells). It was concluded that the reproducibility of the CBK method varied between different bacteria. High quality and pure specific DNA whole genomic probes and standards may have a stronger impact on the precision of the data than storage time and conditions.

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