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Blood group A antigen expression in platelets is prominently associated with glycoprotein Ib and IIb. Evidence for an A1/A2 difference.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare M Hou
Dick Stockelberg
Lennart Rydberg
Jack Kutti
Hans Wadenvik
Publicerad i Transfusion medicine (Oxford, England)
Volym 6
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 51-9
ISSN 0958-7578
Publiceringsår 1996
Publicerad vid Institutionen för invärtesmedicin, Avdelningen för internmedicin
Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Avdelningen för klinisk kemi/transfusionsmedicin
Sidor 51-9
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord ABO Blood-Group System, immunology, Antigens, Human Platelet, Blotting, Western, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Humans, Isoantigens, blood, Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex, immunology, Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex, immunology, Precipitin Tests
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Blood group ABH antigens are associated with platelets as intrinsic determinants and extrinsically adsorbed antigens, and exist both on glycosphingolipids and on glycoproteins (GPs). We now provide direct evidence that the blood group ABH antigens are prominently associated with platelet GPIb and GPIIb. By immunoprecipitation, a murine monoclonal anti-A antibody precipitated surface-biotin-labelled blood group A1 platelet membrane proteins with electrophoretic characteristics identical to those of GPIb/IX and GPIIb/IIIa. By immunoblotting of SDS-PAGE separated blood group A1 platelet proteins the monoclonal anti-A antibody bound to proteins with electrophoretic characteristics identical to those of GPIb and GPIIb. When immunoaffinity purified GPIb/IX and GPIIb/IIIa, derived from blood group O, A1 and A2 platelets, were employed for immunoblotting, GPIb and GPIIb only from A1 platelets bound the monoclonal anti-A antibody. By ELISA, wherein monoclonal antibodies specific for GPIb (APl) and the GPIIb/IIIa complex (AP2) were used to capture and hold antigens from platelet lysate, human anti-A antibodies reacted with these proteins derived from blood group A1 platelets; proteins from blood group A2, O and B platelets showed no reactivity. These results indicate that blood group A antigen is associated with GPIb and GPIIb derived from blood group A1 but not A2 platelets.

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