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"what a weeny wukeleen can do" eller: Vem var Buckley? eller: Var James Joyce generativist?

Kapitel i bok
Författare Bo Ralph
Publicerad i Language, football and all that jazz. A Festschrift for Sölve Ohlander. Ed. by Gunnar Bergh, Rhonwen Bowen & Mats Mobärg
Sidor 405-429
ISBN 978-91-7346-758-2
Förlag University of Gothenburg
Förlagsort Göteborg
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för svenska språket
Sidor 405-429
Språk sv
Ämnesord Finnegans Wake, Joyce, Buckley, generative grammar
Ämneskategorier Språk och litteratur, Lingvistik, Engelska språket, Litteraturvetenskap


In his novel Finnegans Wake (1939) James Joyce makes use of a very personal variant of English, in which words are distorted or expected words are exchanged for similar or quite different ones, resulting in absurd readings packed with potential associative value rather than obvious meaning. Traces of a large number of different languages, in authentic or slightly twisted form, can likewise be identified as apparently unannounced elements in the text. Joyce’s narrative technique further includes the interweaving of several disparate themes into the same “story”, thereby emphasizing the possibility of associating from the text in several diverging directions and distinguishing different layers of meaning. In a way, it can be argued that Joyce, before generative grammar was born, is constantly making use of such notions as underlying structure, deep and surface structure, embedding, cyclicity, transformations etc. The point is illustrated by an analysis of a well-known passage (usually taken to deal with an act of sexual intercourse), which builds on a story about one Buckley, an alleged Irish soldier participating in the Crimean war and supposed to have shot a Russian general. Attempts have earlier been made by researchers on Joyce to identify Buckley. This is another one.

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