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Role of Theories in the Design of Web-Based person-Centered Support: A Critical Analysis

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Agneta Ranerup
Carina Sparud Lundin
Ingalill Koinberg
Ingela Skärsäter
Margaretha Jenholt Nolbris
Marie Berg
Publicerad i International Journal of Chronic Diseases
Volym 2014
Sidor Article ID 603047
ISSN 2356-6981
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Centrum för personcentrerad vård vid Göteborgs universitet (GPCC)
Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi (GU)
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Sidor Article ID 603047
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/603047
Ämnesord Person centerness; theory; design; patients; the Web
Ämneskategorier Annan samhällsvetenskap, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Objective.The aim of this study was to provide a critical understanding of the role of theories and their compatibility with a person centered approach in the design and evaluation of web-based support for themanagement of chronic illness. Methods. Exploration of web-based support research projects focusing on four cases: (1) preschool children aged 4–6 with bladder dysfunction and urogenital malformation; (2) young adults aged 16–25 living with mental illness; (3) women with type 1 diabetes who are pregnant or in early motherhood; and (4) women who have undergone surgery for breast cancer. Data comprised interviews with research leaders and documented plans. Analysis was performed bymeans of a cross-case methodology. Results.The used theories concerned design, learning, health and well-being, or transition. All web support products had been developed using a participatory design (PD). Fundamental to the technology design and evaluation of outcomes were theories focusing on learning and on health and wellbeing. All theories were compatible with a person-centered approach. However, a notable exception was the relatively collective character of PD and Communities of Practice. Conclusion. Our results illustrate multifaceted ways for theories to be used in the design and evaluation of web-based support.

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