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Children's perceptions of injuries: a qualitative study in Sweden

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Richard Allan Dale
M. Hasselberg
Annika Jakobsson
Gunnel Hensing
Publicerad i Pediatric Nursing
Volym 39
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 225-232
ISSN 0097-9805
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Sidor 225-232
Språk en
Ämnesord article, child, human, injury, psychological aspect, qualitative research, Sweden, Humans, Wounds and Injuries
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik, Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

To understand one of the major public health problems for children, it is important to consider the children's perspective. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, describe, and categorize children's perceptions of injury severity and children's explanations of the injuries they experience. A total of 29 students from six randomly selected schools were interviewed in age groups of 9, 13, and 17 years. Manifest content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004) was used to categorize children's own statements. Need of medical attention, long-term consequences, and familiarity with the injury risk situation were identified as important determinants of children's perception of injury severity. Three categories emerged from children's explanations of their injuries: "Because of Me" (beliefs, lack of concentration, health conditions, and lack of awareness of risk), "Because of the Situation" (rain, ice, wind, animals, inanimate objects, constructions, and the children's games), and "Just Inexplicable" to the children. Findings suggest that children have a wide perception of injury severity and that children's beliefs of injury causation, as well as children's familiarity with injury risk situations, need to be considered in future studies focusing on the development of childhood injury prevention strategies. Additionally, results suggest that sometimes children cannot or do not want to explain their injuries.

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