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Alkaline pH Is a Signal for Optimal Production and Secretion of the Heat Labile Toxin, LT in Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC).

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lucia Gonzales
Zahra Bagher Ali
Erik Nygren
Zhiyun Wang
Stefan Karlsson
Baoli Zhu
Marianne Quiding-Järbrink
Åsa Sjöling
Publicerad i PloS one
Volym 8
Nummer/häfte 9
Sidor e74069
ISSN 1932-6203
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för mikrobiologi och immunologi
Sidor e74069
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.007...
Ämneskategorier Medicinsk mikrobiologi

Sammanfattning

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) cause secretory diarrhea in children and travelers to endemic areas. ETEC spreads through the fecal-oral route. After ingestion, ETEC passes through the stomach and duodenum before it colonizes the lower part of the small intestine, exposing bacteria to a wide range of pH and environmental conditions. This study aimed to determine the impact of external pH and activity of the Cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) on the regulation of production and secretion of heat labile (LT) enterotoxin. ETEC strain E2863wt and its isogenic mutant E2863ΔCRP were grown in LBK media buffered to pH 5, 7 and 9. GM1 ELISA, cDNA and cAMP analyses were carried out on bacterial pellet and supernatant samples derived from 3 and 5 hours growth and from overnight cultures. We confirm that CRP is a repressor of LT transcription and production as has been shown before but we show for the first time that CRP is a positive regulator of LT secretion both in vitro and in vivo. LT secretion increased at neutral to alkaline pH compared to acidic pH 5 where secretion was completely inhibited. At pH 9 secretion of LT was optimal resulting in 600 percent increase of secreted LT compared to unbuffered LBK media. This effect was not due to membrane leakage since the bacteria were viable at pH 9. The results indicate that the transition to the alkaline duodenum and/or exposure to high pH close to the epithelium as well as activation of the global transcription factor CRP are signals that induce secretion of the LT toxin in ETEC.

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