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Job characteristics as predictors of ill-health and sickness absenteeism in different occupational types – a multigroup structural equation modelling approach

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anders Pousette
Jan Johansson Hanse
Publicerad i Work & Stress
Volym 16
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 229-250
ISSN 0267-8373
Publiceringsår 2002
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 229-250
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/0267837021016273...
Ämnesord Stress, Workload, Ill-health, Sickness Absenteeism, Multigroup Structural Equation Modelling
Ämneskategorier Tillämpad psykologi, Arbetslivsstudier

Sammanfattning

The objective of the present study was to test for multigroup invariance in measurement models and structural models between job characteristics, psychosocial intervening variables, health outcomes and sickness absenteeism. Four types of occupation were represented in the study: blue-collar workers ( n = 241), white-collar workers ( n = 209), elderly-care workers ( n = 338) and child-care workers ( n = 336). A first-order, six-factor multigroup confirmatory factor analysis model (i.e. measurement model) composed of two perceived job characteristics ( job autonomy and skill discretion), appraised workload, job satisfaction, stress-related ill-health and sickness absenteeism provided a good model fit. Invariance tests showed that the six-factor model fits well for all occupations. A partially recursive mediated multigroup structural model showed both similarities and differences across occupations as regards the relationships between independent latent variables ( job autonomy, skill discretion), intervening latent variables (appraised workload, job satisfaction) and dependent latent variables (stressrelated ill-health, sickness absenteeism). By comparing a generic model with occupation-specific models across occupations, this study showed that occupation-specific models were more plausible. The results indicate that it is important to examine different occupational contexts in detail to better understand how certain psychosocial factors at work influence strain in different occupations. Since job characteristics can potentially be amended, the findings have important implications for the differentiation of prevention and intervention in different occupations.

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