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Escherichia coli K5 capsule expression enhances colonization of the large intestine in the gnotobiotic rat.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare M V Herías
T Midtvedt
Lars Åke Hanson
Agnes E Wold
Publicerad i Infection and immunity
Volym 65
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 531-6
ISSN 0019-9567
Publiceringsår 1997
Publicerad vid Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Avdelningen för klinisk immunologi
Sidor 531-6
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adhesins, Escherichia coli, biosynthesis, Animals, Bacterial Capsules, biosynthesis, Bacterial Translocation, Colony Count, Microbial, Epithelium, microbiology, Escherichia coli, growth & development, metabolism, physiology, Female, Germ-Free Life, Intestine, Large, microbiology, Male, Mucins, physiology, Mucus, microbiology, Muramidase, pharmacology, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains
Ämneskategorier Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området, Mikrobiologi, Ekologi, Gastroenterologi

Sammanfattning

The role of capsule expression in the capacity of Escherichia coli to colonize in the large intestinal environment was studied in a gnotobiotic rat model. The rats were given perorally a mixture of two mutant strains differing in K5 expression. After 2 weeks, the rats were sacrificed, and subsequently intestinal contents, intestinal mucosae, and mesenteric lymph nodes were homogenized and bacterial numbers were quantified. Two E. coli mutant pairs were used, the first pair (972-998) lacking the O-specific side chain and the second pair (973-997) carrying the O75 lipopolysaccharide. The K5+ mutants established themselves at a higher level than the K5- mutants (10(9) versus 10(6) CFU/g [P < 0.001] for the first pair and 10(9) versus 10(8) CFU/g [P < 0.01] for the second pair, respectively). The results were confirmed by serology showing a K5+ phenotype for practically all isolates. The bacterial population associated with the mucosa was similar to that in the luminal contents with respect to the proportions of the respective mutants, and translocation occurred in numbers proportional to the intestinal population densities of the respective mutants. All mutants were able to express type 1 as well as P fimbriae. After colonization, the expression of P fimbriae remained high whereas only a minority of the isolates expressed type 1 fimbriae. The results suggest that capsule expression and P fimbriae enhance intestinal colonization by E. coli and that these virulence factors, by increasing bacterial densities in the intestine, secondarily increase translocation.

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