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Incidence and risk factors for symptoms from the eyes among professional computer users

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare A. Toomingas
Mats Hagberg
M. Heiden
H. Richter
K. E. Westergren
E. W. Tornqvist
Publicerad i Work-a Journal of Prevention Assessment & Rehabilitation
Volym 41
Nummer/häfte Supplement 1
Sidor 3560-3562
ISSN 1051-9815
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Sidor 3560-3562
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3233/wor-2012-0634-35...
Ämnesord office work, eye strain, prospective study, working-conditions
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Personal computers are used by a majority of the working population in their professions. Little is known about risk-factors for incident symptoms from the eyes among professional computer users. The aim was to study the incidence and risk-factors for symptoms from the eyes among professional computer users. This study is a part of a comprehensive prospective follow-up study of factors associated with the incidence of symptoms among professional computer users. 1531 computer users of different professions at 46 companies were invited, whereof 1283 answered a baseline questionnaire (498 men; 785 women) and 1246 at least one of 10 monthly follow-up questionnaires. The computer work-station and equipment were generally of a good standard. The majority used CRT displays. During the follow-up period 329 subjects reported eye symptoms. The overall incidence rate in the whole study group was 0.38 per person-year, 0.23 in the subgroup of subjects who were symptom free at baseline and 1.06 among subjects who reported eye symptoms at baseline. In the bivariate analyses significant associations were found with all explanatory variables, except BMI. The reduced multivariate model showed significant associations with extended computer work, visual discomfort (dose-response), eye symptoms at baseline (higher risk), sex (women=higher risk) and nicotine use. The incidence of eye problems among professional computer users is high and related to both individual and work-related factors.

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