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Occupational therapy students' choice of client activities: does patients' gender matter?

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare G Liedberg
Gunnel Hensing
Publicerad i The British Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volym 74
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 277-283
ISSN 0308-0226
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Sidor 277-283
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.4276/030802211X130743...
Ämnesord gender, fictional case study, holism
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Aim: In order to achieve a fairer system of health care, it is important that the research and education of health professionals, as well as the organisation of health care, takes into account the gender perspective. The gender order influences women's and men's lifestyles and living conditions and, through this, their health, quality of life and daily activities. The aim of the present study was to explore the perceptions of gender in occupational therapy students in their choice of activities: do students choose activities according to traditional roles? Method: The method was a fictional case study containing 16 activities. Each student was given a copy of one of the versions of the case, Eric or Erica. The students were told to underline the three activities regarded as being of most benefit for the actual patient. Eight male and 99 female students participated. Results: The most chosen activities were cooking, visits to cafeterias and gardening, and the least chosen were spinning, laundry and computer work. The results showed that the students made choices based on traditional gender roles. Conclusion: Extended knowledge is needed about how gender is constructed in occupational therapy, and about whether gendered choices contribute to a prolonged period of treatment or rehabilitation, or the opposite.

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