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Survival of uncemented acetabular monoblock cups Evaluation of 210 hips in the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Rudiger J. Weiss
Nils P. Hailer
Andre Stark
Johan Kärrholm
Publicerad i Acta Orthopaedica
Volym 83
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 214-219
ISSN 1745-3674
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för ortopedi
Sidor 214-219
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3109/17453674.2012.68...
Ämnesord Acetabulum, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, standards, statistics & numerical data, Bone Cements, Case-Control Studies, Female, Hip Prosthesis, standards, Humans, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Hip, surgery, Polyethylene, therapeutic use, Prosthesis Design, Prosthesis Failure, Registries, Reoperation, statistics & numerical data, Sweden, Young Adult
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi

Sammanfattning

Background and purpose Monoblock acetabular cups represent a subtype of uncemented cups with the polyethylene liner molded into a metal shell, thus eliminating-or at least minimizing-potential backside wear. We hypothesized that the use of mono block cups could reduce the incidence of osteolysis and aseptic loosening, and thus improve survival compared to modular designs. Patients and methods We identified all 210 primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures in the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register that used uncemented monoblock cups during the period 1999-2010. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses with adjustment for age, sex, and other variables were used to calculate survival rates and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of the revision risk for any reason. 1,130 modular cups, inserted during the same time period, were used as a control group. Results There was a nearly equal sex distribution in both groups. Median age at the index operation was 47 years in the monoblock group and 56 years in the control group (p < 0.001). The cumulative 5-year survival with any revision as the endpoint was 95% (95% CI: 91-98) for monoblock cups and 97% (CI: 96-98) for modular cups (p = 0.6). The adjusted HR for revision of monoblock cups compared to modular cups was 2 (CI: 0.8-6; p = 0.1). The use of 28-mm prosthesis heads rather than 22-mm heads reduced the risk of cup revision (HR = 0.2, CI: 0.1-0.5; p = 0.001). Interpretation Both cups showed good medium-term survival rates. There was no statistically significant difference in revision risk between the cup designs. Further review of the current patient population is warranted to determine the long-term durability and risk of revision of monoblock cup designs.

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