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Fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing; knowledge, attitudes and behaviour among Swedish adolescents and adults

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Olga Jensen
Pia Gabre
Ulla Moberg Sköld
Dowen Birkhed
Publicerad i Swedish dental journal
Volym 35
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 203-213
ISSN 0347-9994
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 203-213
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2237230...
Ämnesord Attitudes, behaviour, fluoride toothpaste, knowledge, oral health, toothbrushing
Ämneskategorier Cariologi

Sammanfattning

The most effective way to administer fluoride is through the regular use of fluoride toothpaste. Adolescents and adults seem to have low awareness of toothbrushing procedures and use of fluoride toothpaste despite frequent dental care. The aim of this study was to describe knowledge, attitudes and behaviour concerning toothbrushing and use of fluoride toothpaste in three age groups in a Swedish population. A qualitative study design was used with the purpose of achieving a deeper understanding of the issue. Data were collected through interviews. A manifest and latent analysis of the text was performed using qualitative content analysis (Grounded theory). The informants were selected strategically to obtain the greatest possible variation in the data. Three age strata representing different stages in life were chosen: 15-16, 30-35 and 60-65 years. Informants were interviewed with support from an interview guide. Open-ended questions were used to focus on the individual’s knowledge, attitudes and behaviour concerning toothbrushing and fluoride toothpaste. Five people from each age group were interviewed in the study. The content areas were knowledge, attitudes and behaviour and the latent analysis identified the areas of empowerment, driving force and guidance as categories. Although the informants showed little knowledge about the reasons for and techniques of using fluoride toothpaste effectively, they described toothbrushing as important and the habit as a priority, giving the theme of this study: toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste was a priority, despite the lack of knowledge about how to use toothpaste effectively and its positive effects on oral health. In conclusion the state of knowledge concerning toothbrushing and fluoride toothpaste needs to be improved. In addition, people’s desire for a fresh-feeling mouth and to fit in socially must be affirmed and utilized by dental staff in health promotion.

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