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Self-reported dry mouth in Swedish population samples aged 50, 65 and 75

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ann-Katrin Johansson
Anders Arne Johansson
Lennart Unell
Gunnar Ekbäck
Sven Ordell
Gunnar E Carlsson
Publicerad i Gerodontology
Volym 29
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor e107–e115
ISSN 1741-2358
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor e107–e115
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2010...
Ämnesord ageing, xerostomia, epidemiology, longitudinal study
Ämneskategorier Fysiologi

Sammanfattning

The aim was to study changes in prevalence of xerostomia from age 50 to 65 yr. Questionnaires were sent to all subjects born in 1942 living in two Swedish counties in 1992, 1997, 2002 and 2007. The analyses have focused on those who answered the questionnaires both in 1992 and 2007. The response rate was 71.4% (n = 6346) in 1992 and 73.1% (n = 6078) in 2007. Of those who answered the questionnaire in 1992, 74.3% (n = 4714) responded also in 2007. There was an almost linear increase of the prevalence of xerostomia over the four occasions from age 50 to age 65. Xerostomia at night was more prevalent than during daytime. The pooled prevalence of night and daytime xerostomia was 6% at age 50 and 15% at age 65, and it was higher in women than in men on both occasions. Logistic regression analyses showed that impaired health and smoking were significantly associated with daytime but not with nighttime xerostomia. Despite the increase of the prevalence of xerostomia from age 50 to age 65, there was considerable variation during the observation period. The incidence rate was 13% (507/4015) and the disappearance rate was 42% (104/250) for the dichotomized answers.

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