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Gesture during the Production of Adjacency Pairs in German conversation

Paper i proceeding
Författare Paul Cibulka
Publicerad i Conference of the International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis (IIEMCA) Book of Abstracts
Sidor 103
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för språk och litteraturer
Sidor 103
Språk en
Länkar www.academia.edu/1707209/Gesture_du...
Ämnesord German, conversation, analysis, gesture, adjacency, preference
Ämneskategorier Germanistik, Lingvistik

Sammanfattning

This study deals with spontaneous gestures (arm and hand movements) in German natural conversation. There is a growing corpus of literature on the use of gestures during speech, mostly focusing on gestures produced during retelling tasks.

However, only little research has been conducted on the interactional functions of gesture and their role in sequential organisation in talk-in-interaction. The aim is to analyse and categorise gestures with respect to sequential organisation in talk-in-interaction, in detail the relationship between the phases of a gesture and the unfolding interaction in adjacency pairs (cf. Sacks, Schegloff, and Jefferson (1974). The relationship to the organisation of preference (Pomerantz 1984) is of special interest. Hosoma (2009) has conducted research on gestures occurring in Japanese conversation from a conversation analytic perspective, pointing out that the hold phase of gestures often stretches over several turns (grand gestures, cf. Hosoma 2009).

Investigation of German conversation data revealed that such gestures accompanying the production of adjacency pairs, especially those with dispreferred second pair parts, are used in a very similar way by speakers of German, i.e. a gesture occurring during the production of a first pair part is set on hold during the production of a second pair part by next speaker and is only retracted to the rest position when the sequence closing turn is produced.

These findings suggest a close relationship not only between gesture and talk itself, but also between gesture and the organisation of social interaction. A great deal of gesture- in-interaction research is yet to be conducted. The study is conducted employing naturally occurring conversation among speakers of German. The data are videotaped at non-formal gatherings among friends and relatives. The methodology of analysis is qualitative, based on the framework of conversation analysis (cf. Sacks, Schegloff, and Jefferson 1974; Schegloff 2007).

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