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Root caries and risk profiles using the Cariogram in different periodontal disease severity groups.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Hani T Fadel
Khalid Al Hamdan
Yasser Rhbeini
Lars Heijl
Dowen Birkhed
Publicerad i Acta odontologica Scandinavica
Volym 69
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 118-124
ISSN 1502-3850
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 118-124
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016357.2010.53...
Ämnesord periodontal disease, risk assessment, root caries, Saudi Arabia
Ämneskategorier Cariologi

Sammanfattning

Objectives. To study root caries and risk profiles using the Cariogram in relation to periodontal disease severity and to analyse indicators associated with high caries risk. Material and methods. A cross-sectional examination was carried out on 112 patients with periodontal disease from two government clinics in Saudi Arabia. The investigation comprised a questionnaire, bitewing radiographs, measurement of salivary secretion rate, buffering capacity and cariogenic microorganisms, and registration of periodontal status, plaque amount and coronal and root caries/fillings (DFT and RDFT). The data were then entered into the Cariogram pedagogic model to illustrate the caries risk profiles. Results. Patients were grouped according to periodontal disease severity into one of three groups: (1) gingivitis (n = 44); (2) mild-to-moderate periodontitis (n = 33); and (3) severe periodontitis (n = 35). The prevalence of RDFT in the total sample was 17%. There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups in number of root lesions or mean ‘Actual Chance to Avoid New Cavities’ (Chance-AC) according to the Cariogram. Of the total sample, 22% displayed high caries risk (Chance-AC ≤40%). The most significant risk indicators in high caries risk patients were infrequent use of fluoride and unfavourable salivary and microbial parameters. Conclusions. Root surface lesions and high caries risk were present in about one-fifth of the patients referred for periodontal treatment. A combination of risk indicators rather than a single one contributed to the increased risk. Caries and risk profiles were not significantly correlated with periodontal disease severity.

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