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Calbindin-immunoreactive cells in the fish enteric nervous system.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Catharina Olsson
Publicerad i Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
Volym 159
Nummer/häfte 1-2
Sidor 7-14
ISSN 1566-0702
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Zoologiska institutionen, zoofysiologi
Sidor 7-14
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autneu.2010.06...
Ämneskategorier Zoofysiologi

Sammanfattning

Calbindin is present in a large proportion of the intrinsic primary afferent neurons (IPANs) in the mammalian gut. Little is known about either calbindin or IPANs in fish. In the present study, calbindin immunoreactivity was investigated in the enteric nervous system of the teleost shorthorn sculpin (Myoxocephalus scorpius). Calbindin-immunoreactive nerve cell bodies and nerve fibres were present in all the gut regions except the cardiac stomach. The highest proportion was found in the proximal intestine where calbindin-immunoreactive cells constituted 59+/-6% (N=3) of the total Hu C/D-immunoreactive myenteric nerve cell population. In other regions, calbindin-immunoreactive cells constituted around 30% of the total population. The cells were generally multipolar with one long axon. The size distribution differed significantly between calbindin-positive and calbindin-negative cells in each of the three animals examined. Calbindin-positive neurons in the proximal intestine had a mean cross-sectional soma area of 163+/-73mum(2) (n=183 cells) while calbindin-negative cells were 348+/-221mum(2) (n=127 cells). Calbindin immunoreactivity colocalised to a large extent with serotonin immunoreactivity, but not with choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-immunoreactivity. Thus, the calbindin-immunoreactive nerve cell population in the shorthorn sculpin gut seems to constitute a homogenous subpopulation of the enteric neurons, at least when considering the size and content of some transmitters. Whether markers other than serotonin and ChAT would differentiate the population remains to be tested. In conclusion, the calbindin-immunoreactive cells in the sculpin differ from mammalian IPANs with regard to several parameters and future functional studies could hopefully add information about the role of this large group of cells in the fish enteric nervous system.

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