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Relation between breakfast food choices and knowledge of dietary fat and fiber among Swedish schoolchildren.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christina Berg
Inger Jonsson
Mark T Conner
Lauren Lissner
Publicerad i The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Volym 31
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 199-207
ISSN 1054-139X
Publiceringsår 2002
Publicerad vid Institutionen för hushållsvetenskap
Institutionen för samhällsmedicin
Sidor 199-207
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Adolescent, Child, beliefs, knowledge, Choice Behavior, Dietary Fats, Dietary Fiber, Female, Food Preferences, Health Behavior, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Students, psychology, Sweden
Ämneskategorier Hushålls- och kostvetenskap

Sammanfattning

PURPOSE: To investigate dietary knowledge and beliefs of schoolchildren, in relationship to breakfast choices, with specific attention to fat and fiber content. METHODS: Food choice and perceptions were studied by interviews using the "stacking box methodology". Youth (n = 181) aged 11-15 years were instructed to select food items among photographs of breakfast foods. In addition to choosing their own typical breakfasts, they were asked to exchange foods in hypothetical breakfasts to create meals with less fat and more fiber. The interview also dealt with recent changes in breakfast habits, and perceptions of healthy breakfasts, dietary fat, and foods rich in fiber. Data were analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Knowledge concerning sources and health attributes of dietary fiber was associated with usual consumption of bread and breakfast cereals rich in fiber. In a similar way, a positive attitude toward limited fat intake predicted consumption of reduced-fat milk products. However, no association was observed between food choices and knowledge of a food-packaging symbol indicating low-fat and fiber-enriched foods. CONCLUSION: Lack of awareness of, and knowledge about, healthy eating may be important barriers to the development of health promoting food habits by schoolchildren.

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