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Generalised joint hypermobility increases ACL injury risk and is associated with inferior outcome after ACL reconstruction: A systematic review

Forskningsöversiktsartikel
Författare David Sundemo
Eric Hamrin Senorski
Louise Karlsson
Alexandra Horvath
B. Juul-Kristensen
Jón Karlsson
Olufemi R Ayeni
Kristian Samuelsson
Publicerad i BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 1
ISSN 2055-7647
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för ortopedi
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-0006...
Ämnesord anterior cruciate ligament injury, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, generalised joint hypermobility, generalized joint hypermobility, hyperextension, laxity
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi

Sammanfattning

Objectives To investigate the association between generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) and ACL injury risk. Secondary aims involved evaluating associations between GJH and postoperative outcome (including graft-failure risk, knee laxity and patient-reported outcome). Furthermore, we aimed to compare the performance of different grafts in patients with GJH. Methods Databases MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched, including 2760 studies. Two reviewers independently screened studies for eligibility. A modified version of the MINORS score was applied for quality appraisal. Studies assessing GJH while reporting the risk of ACL injury and/or postoperative outcome were included. Results Twenty studies were included, using several different methods to determine GJH. There was consistent evidence showing that GJH is a risk factor for unilateral ACL injury in males, while in females, the results were conflicting. There was limited evidence associating GJH with increased knee laxity 5 years postoperatively. There was consistent evidence of inferior postoperative patient-reported outcome in patients with GJH. Moreover, there was limited yet consistent evidence indicating that patellar-tendon autografts are superior to hamstring-tendon autografts in patients with GJH in terms of knee laxity and patient-reported outcome. There was insufficient evidence to draw conclusions regarding the outcomes of bilateral ACL injury and graft failure. Conclusions In men, GJH was associated with an increased risk of unilateral ACL injury. Moreover, GJH was associated with greater postoperative knee laxity and inferior patient-reported outcome. Based on the available evidence, a patellar-tendon autograft appears to be superior to a hamstring-tendon autograft in patients with GJH. However, the included studies were heterogeneous and there is a need for consensus in the assessment of GJH within sports medicine. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/forskning/publikation/?publicationId=290611
Utskriftsdatum: 2020-07-10