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Looking back in order to predict the future: Relative resource assessments and their relationship to future expectations

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Gró Einarsdóttir
André Hansla
Lars-Olof Johansson
Publicerad i Nordic Psychology
Volym 71
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 17-38
ISSN 1901-2276
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 17-38
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1080/19012276.20...
Ämnesord future expectations, optimism, reference points, relative resource assessments, temporal relative deprivation, worry
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group In this research, we investigated how relative resource assessments relate to future expectations. In previous research, resources are typically studied separately, and contextual influences and reference-point dependencies are often ignored. We addressed this in an online survey in which Icelanders (N = 611) assessed their economic, temporal, social, and emotional resources using four reference points (wants, others, past, future). We used exploratory factor analysis to reduce the four resources into three reliable factors: economic, temporal, and socio-emotional resources. Using hierarchical regression we found that assessments of socio-emotional and economic resources were related to future expectations, even after controlling for more objective resource markers, such as income and education. This relationship was strongest when past resources were used as the reference point for assessing current resources. We interpret these findings as suggesting that temporal comparisons to the past become more salient during times of instability, as Icelanders have recently gone through much economic and political turmoil. A psychological challenge for individuals recovering from economic collapse is to abstain from comparing current with past resource levels, as it elicits a loss experience. Overcoming a feeling that “it was better before” seems vital in re-establishing optimistic future expectations.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/forskning/publikation/?publicationId=276179
Utskriftsdatum: 2019-07-19