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PCR detection of respiratory pathogens in asymptomatic and symptomatic adults.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Nicklas Sundell
Lars-Magnus Andersson
Robin Brittain-Long
Pär-Daniel Sundvall
Åsa Alsiö
Magnus Lindh
Lars Gustavsson
Johan Westin
Publicerad i Journal of clinical microbiology
Volym 57
Nummer/häfte 1
ISSN 1098-660X
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00716-18
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Allmän medicin, Infektionsmedicin

Sammanfattning

The frequency of viral respiratory pathogens in asymptomatic subjects is poorly defined. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of respiratory pathogens in the upper airways of asymptomatic adults, as compared with a reference population of symptomatic patients sampled in the same centres during the same period. Nasopharyngeal (NP) swab samples were prospectively collected from adults with and without ongoing symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) during 12 consecutive months, in primary care centres as well as hospital emergency departments, and analysed for respiratory pathogens by a PCR panel detecting 16 viruses and four bacteria. Altogether, 444 asymptomatic and 75 symptomatic subjects completed sampling as well as follow-up (FU) at day 7. In the asymptomatic subjects the detection rate of viruses was low (4.3%) and the most common virus detected was rhinovirus (3.2%). Streptococcus pneumoniae was found in 5.6% of the asymptomatic subjects and Haemophilus influenzae in 1.4%. The only factor independently associated with low viral detection rate in asymptomatic subjects was age ≥65 (p=0.04). An increased detection rate of bacteria was seen in asymptomatic subjects who were currently smoking (p<0.01) and who had any chronical condition (p<0.01). We conclude that detection of respiratory viruses in asymptomatic adults is uncommon, suggesting that a positive PCR result from a symptomatic patient likely is relevant for ongoing respiratory symptoms. Age influences the likelihood of virus detection among asymptomatic adults and smoking as well as co-morbidity may increase the prevalence of bacterial pathogens in the upper airways.

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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://www.gu.se/forskning/publikation/?publicationId=275174
Utskriftsdatum: 2019-09-19