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Children recalling an event repeatedly – Effects on RM and CBCA scores

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Pär-Anders Granhag
Leif Strömwall
Sara Landström
Publicerad i Legal and Criminological Psychology
Sidor 81-98
Publiceringsår 2006
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 81-98
Språk en
Ämnesord Children’s testimony, Reality Monitoring (RM), Criteria-Based Content Analysis (CBCA)
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

The fact that abused children often talk about their experiences before entering the legal system is a neglected factor in terms of the validation of different reliability assessment techniques. Hence, the present study investigated the extent to which the scores of the reality monitoring technique (RM) and the criteria-based content analysis (CBCA) were affected by the number of times children recalled an experienced or an imagined event. Children (12-13 yrs, N=80) participated in an experiment where half the sample experienced a real event (an interaction with a stranger) and then recalled it either one or four times, and the other half imagined the same event and then recalled it either one of four times. The statements given at the final (or only) session were analysed with both CBCA and RM. On a multivariate level, both the CBCA and RM sets of criteria discriminated between truthful and fabricated statements. The total RM score (but not the total CBCA score) discriminated reliably between truthful and fabricated statements. RM (but not CBCA) was sensitive to the number of times the experienced or imagined event was recalled: increased presence of criteria after repeated recall.

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