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How the macroeconomic context impacts on attitudes to immigration: Evidence from within-country variation

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Joakim Ruist
Publicerad i Social Science Research
Volym 60
Nummer/häfte November
Sidor 125-134
ISSN 0049-089X
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik
Sidor 125-134
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.201...
Ämnesord Attitudes, Immigration, Macroeconomics, Time series
Ämneskategorier Nationalekonomi, Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)

Sammanfattning

This study investigates the effects of the macroeconomic context on attitudes to immigration. Earlier studies do in some cases not provide significant empirical support for the existence of important such effects. In this article it is argued that this lack of consistent evidence is mainly due to the cross-national setup of these studies being vulnerable to estimation bias caused by country-specific factors. The present study instead analyzes attitude variation within countries over time. The results provide firm empirical support in favor of macroeconomic variation importantly affecting attitudes to immigration. As an illustration, the estimates indicate that the number of individuals in the average European country in 2012 who were against all immigration from poorer countries outside Europe was 40% higher than it would have been if macroeconomic conditions in that year had been as good as they were in 2006.

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