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Hate Speech and the Distribution of the Costs and Benefits of Freedom of Speech

Kapitel i bok
Författare David Brax
Publicerad i Blurring the Lines, Market-Driven and Democracy-Driven Freedom of Expression - Maria Edström, Andrew T. Kenyon & Eva-Maria Svensson (eds.)
Sidor 185-192
ISBN 978-91-87957-36-9
Förlag Nordicom
Förlagsort Göteborg
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Centrum för Europaforskning (CERGU)
Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 185-192
Språk en
Länkar www.nordicom.gu.se/sites/default/fi...
Ämnesord hate, speech, consequentialism, fair distribution, free speech, liberalism, deliberative democracy, speech regulation
Ämneskategorier Juridik och samhälle, Praktisk filosofi

Sammanfattning

This chapter presents a broadly consequentialist argument in favour of hate speech regulations. The argument proceeds in two steps: First by exploring the familiar point that hate speech does harm by undermining the speech of targeted groups. And second, by considering the distribution of costs and benefits for allowing hate speech, which is unlikely to be fair or equal. The harm caused by hate speech primarily befalls people that are already among the worst off in our society. According to the principle that costs and benefits that befall those worst off matter more, morally speaking - a view known as ‘prioritarianism’ or ‘the priority view’ - distribution matters. I argue that this approach offers the most plausible argument in favour of hate speech regulations. Hate speech should only be unregulated if the predicted benefits are likely to outweigh the predicted costs, when the distribution of costs and benefits is also taken into account. It should be unregulated only if the predicted benefits are likely to outweigh the predicted costs, and the distribution of costs and benefits is also taken into account.

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