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Media Ownership and Journalism

Kapitel i bok
Författare Helle Sjøvaag
Jonas Ohlsson
Publicerad i Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication
Sidor 28
Förlag Oxford University Press
Förlagsort Oxford
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Nordicom (2013-)
Sidor 28
Språk en
Länkar oxfordre.com/communication/view/10....
Ämnesord journalism studies, media ownership, pluralism, democracy, monopolization, media systems, clientalism, commercialism, media concentration, nonprofits, public service broadcasting
Ämneskategorier Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, Medievetenskap, Företagsekonomi

Sammanfattning

Media ownership is of interest to research on journalism due to the assumption that ownership can have an impact of the contents and practices of journalism. Ownership of news media take many forms: state ownership, family ownership, party ownership, trust ownership, public or corporate ownership. The main concern with ownership in journalism scholarship is market concentration and monopolization, and the undue effects this may have on media diversity, public opinion formation, democracy and journalistic autonomy. Throughout the research, ownership motivations are assumed to lie with the potential financial and political benefits of owning journalistic media. Benevolence is seldom assumed, as the problematic aspects of ownership are treated both from the management side of the research, and from the critical political economy perspective. News and journalism are largely understood as public goods, the quality of which is often seen as threatened by commercialism and market realities, under the economic aims of owners. However, the many forms and shapes that ownership of news media assume have different impacts on the competition between media outlets, the organization of editorial production, journalistic and professional cultures, and the intensity of corporate and profit maximizing philosophies that journalists work under. Ownership, however, assumes different forms in different media systems.

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