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Lethal multiple pterygium syndrome, the extreme end of the RYR1 spectrum

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare A. Kariminejad
S. Ghaderi-Sohi
H. H. N. Nedai
V. Varasteh
Ali-Reza Moslemi
Homa Tajsharghi
Publicerad i Bmc Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volym 17
Sidor article number: 109
ISSN 1471-2474
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk genetik och klinisk genetik
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för patologi
Sidor article number: 109
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-016-0947-...
Ämnesord Lethal multiple pterygium syndrome, Akinesia, Arthrogryposis, Foetal hydrops, Cystic hygroma, akinesia deformation sequence, fetal akinesia, malignant hyperthermia, ryanodine receptor, mutations, disorders, variants, dominant
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Background: Lethal multiple pterygium syndrome (LMPS, OMIM 253290), is a fatal disorder associated with anomalies of the skin, muscles and skeleton. It is characterised by prenatal growth failure with pterygium present in multiple areas and akinesia, leading to muscle weakness and severe arthrogryposis. Foetal hydrops with cystic hygroma develops in affected foetuses with LMPS. This study aimed to uncover the aetiology of LMPS in a family with two affected foetuses. Methods and results: Whole exome sequencing studies have identified novel compound heterozygous mutations in RYR1 in two affected foetuses with pterygium, severe arthrogryposis and foetal hydrops with cystic hygroma, characteristic features compatible with LMPS. The result was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Conclusions: RYR1 encodes the skeletal muscle isoform ryanodine receptor 1, an intracellular calcium channel with a central role in muscle contraction. Mutations in RYR1 have been associated with congenital myopathies, which form a continuous spectrum of pathological features including a severe variant with onset in utero with fetal akinesia and arthrogryposis. Here, the results indicate that LMPS can be considered as the extreme end of the RYR1-related neonatal myopathy spectrum. This further supports the concept that LMPS is a severe disorder associated with defects in the process known as excitation-contraction coupling.

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