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Looking Closer at the Emotional Child Victim Effect: Eye Tracking and Camera Perspectives

Poster (konferens)
Författare Mikaela Magnusson
Sara Landström
Publicerad i European Association of Psychology and Law (EAPL) + World Conference, August 4-7 2015, Nuremberg
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord camera perspective bias, Eye tracking, visual framing, emotional child victim,
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Tillämpad psykologi

Sammanfattning

Child interviews are often video-recorded for further use in the investigation or an upcoming trial. Considering that police interviews are, in some countries, the only way for children to share their testimony with a court, it is of utmost importance that these video documentation procedures are unbiased. In Sweden, there are two commonly used techniques at the local police departments and Children's safety houses: Balanced Focus and Picture-in-Picture. In the former, the child and interviewer are both captured within the same camera frame (giving them equal focus). In the Picture-in-Picture technique, the child is primarily displayed, together with a small balanced focus picture placed in the upper corner of the frame. Previous research on camera perspectives in legal settings has demonstrated how visual framing can have substantial effects on judgements regarding suspect confessions. Illusory causation and perceptual registration of incoming information have been put forth as underlying structures for the phenomena. The aim for the present study was, thus, to examine if credibility judgements of an emotional child victim would differ as a function of camera technique (Balanced Focus vs. Picture-in-Picture). Additionally, we mapped visual focus patterns using Eye Tracking to examine the mediating effects of visual attention for camera perspective effects. Forty-nine participants (20 men and 29 women) volunteered to participate in a between-groups design with camera condition as independent variable. Eye tracking was carried out with a Tobii T120 Eye Tracking device (with automatic bright and dark pupil tracking) and recorded using Tobii Studio 3.0.9 software. Data is currently being analysed and will be presented at the conference.

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