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On being angry and punitive: How anger alters perception of criminal intent

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Karl Ask
Afroditi Pina
Publicerad i Social Psychological and Personality Science
Volym 2
Sidor 494-499
Publiceringsår 2011
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 494-499
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/1948550611398415
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Previous research has demonstrated that anger increases the tendency to blame and punish others for harmful behaviors. This study investigated whether such attributions extend to judgments of criminal intent, and it examined the mechanisms by which anger influences punitiveness. In an experiment, angry, sad, and neutral participants read about an ambiguously criminal behavior. As hypothesized, angry participants judged the behavior as being more intentional and the perpetrator as having more causal control than did neutral participants, and they were more willing to punish the wrongdoer. Sadness did not have a demonstrable effect on judgments, indicating a specific role of anger rather than a general negative affect. Moreover, the effect of anger on punitiveness was mediated by perceived criminal intent but not by perceived causal control. Implications for legal judgments and theories of blame attribution are discussed.

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