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The protective effect of character maturity in child aggressive antisocial behavior

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare N. Kerekes
Örjan Falk
S. Brandstrom
Henrik Anckarsäter
Maria Råstam
Björn Hofvander
Publicerad i Comprehensive Psychiatry
Volym 76
Sidor 129-137
ISSN 0010-440X
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Gillbergcentrum
Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Sidor 129-137
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2017...
Ämnesord Character, Child aggressive antisocial behavior, Conduct disorder, Neurodevelopment, Mental health, DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER, CONDUCT, DISORDER, NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, BIOGENETIC TEMPERAMENT, PERSONALITY-DISORDER, AUTISM-TICS, A-TAC, ADOLESCENTS, INVENTORY
Ämneskategorier Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri

Sammanfattning

Background: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. Methods: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden. Their parents rated them according to the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory following a telephone interview during which information about the children's development and mental health was assessed with the Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory. Result: Scores on the CD module significantly and positively correlated with scores on the Novelty Seeking temperament dimension and negatively with scores on character maturity (Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness). In the group of children with either neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems, the prevalence of low or very low character maturity was 50%, while when these two problems coexisted the prevalence of low or very low character maturity increased to 70%. Neurodevelopmental problems (such as: oppositional defiant disorder, symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder) and low scores on character maturity emerged as independently significant predictors of CD; in a multivariable model, only oppositional defiant symptoms and impulsivity significantly increased the risk for coexisting CD while a mature self-agency in a child (Self-Directedness) remained a significant protective factor. Conclusion: These results suggest that children's willpower, the capacity to achieve personally chosen goals may be an important protective factor even in the presence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems against progressing into persistent negative outcomes, such as aggressive antisocial behaviors. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Utskriftsdatum: 2020-05-30