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QoG lunchseminarium med Hye Young You

Samhälle & ekonomi

QoG-institutet arrangerar regelbundet seminarier på temat samhällsstyrningens kvalitet samt korruptionens orsaker och konsekvenser. På QoG lunchseminariet denna veckan presenterar Hye Young You. Titel på seminariet är: "Bureaucratic Revolving Doors and Interest Group Participation in Policymaking".

30 sep 2020
12:00 - 13:00
På grund av Covid-19 arrangeras detta seminarium via zoom

Hye Young You, Assistant Professor, Wilf Family Department of Politics, New York University
The Quality of Government Institute


Bureaucratic Revolving Doors and Interest Group Participation in Policymaking


There is growing concern about the movement of individuals from private sectors to bureaucracies, yet little attention is paid to how this affects interest groups’ activities. Interest groups with connections to bureaucrats may exert less effort to provide information to policy-makers (the “substitution effect”) or exert more effort (the “complement effect”). We address this question by constructing a novel data set on career trajectories of bureaucrats in the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) and firms that served on USTR advisory committees during the period 1997-2017. Empirical results support the substitution effect: firms with connections to USTR bureaucrats decrease their lobbying spending and participation on advisory committees. We present suggestive evidence that the substitution effect occurs when connected bureaucrats’ ideologies are closer to the median ideal point of the agency, which makes the connected bureaucrats pivotal players. Our findings suggest that an apparent decrease in interest groups’ political activities might not imply that their influence on policy making diminished.