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Variants of CYP46A1 may interact with age and APOE to influence CSF Abeta42 levels in Alzheimer's disease.

Journal article
Authors Annica Johansson
Hagit Katzov
Henrik Zetterberg
Lars Feuk
Boo Johansson
Nenad Bogdanovic
Niels Andreasen
Boris Lenhard
Anthony J Brookes
Nancy L Pedersen
Kaj Blennow
Jonathan A Prince
Published in Human genetics
Volume 114
Issue 6
Pages 581-7
ISSN 0340-6717
Publication year 2004
Published at Department of Psychology
Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Section of Experimental Neuroscience
Pages 581-7
Language en
Keywords Age Factors, Aged, Alzheimer Disease, genetics, metabolism, Amyloid beta-Protein, cerebrospinal fluid, Analysis of Variance, Apolipoproteins E, genetics, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Case-Control Studies, DNA Primers, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Europe, Genetic Variation, Genotype, Humans, Middle Aged, Peptide Fragments, cerebrospinal fluid, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, genetics, Sequence Alignment, Steroid Hydroxylases, genetics, tau Proteins, cerebrospinal fluid, Dementia
Subject categories Psychiatry


Recent studies have suggested that variants of CYP46A1, encoding cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46), confer risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a prospect substantiated by evidence of genetic association from several quantitative traits related to AD pathology, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the 42 amino-acid cleavage product of beta-amyloid (Abeta42) and the tau protein. In the present study, these claims have been explored by the genotyping of previously associated markers in CYP46A1 in three independent northern European case-control series encompassing 1323 individuals and including approximately 400 patients with measurements of CSF Abeta42 and phospho-tau protein levels. Tests of association in case-control models revealed limited evidence that CYP46A1 variants contributed to AD risk across these samples. However, models testing for potential effects upon CSF measures suggested a possible interaction of an intronic marker (rs754203) with age and APOE genotype. In stratified analyses, significant effects were evident that were restricted to elderly APOE epsilon4 carriers for both CSF Abeta42 ( P=0.0009) and phospho-tau ( P=0.046). Computational analyses indicate that the rs754203 marker probably does not impact the binding of regulatory factors, suggesting that other polymorphic sites underlie the observed associations. Our results provide an important independent replication of previous findings, supporting the existence of CYP46A1 sequence variants that contribute to variability in beta-amyloid metabolism.

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