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Vidunda (G38) as an Endangered Language?

Journal article
Authors Karsten Legère
Published in Selected Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference on African Linguistics
Pages 83-100
Publication year 2009
Published at Department of Languages and Literatures
Pages 83-100
Language en
Subject categories Specific Languages


The Bantu language Vidunda (L1) is spoken by a Tanzanian minority group living in the Morogoro Region, Kilosa District (mainly Vidunda Ward). The core area is remote and almost exclusively inhabited by Vidunda speaking people (approx. 10000 persons, population census 2002). During field research a questionnaire survey among primary school learners was conducted. The results demonstrate that inter-generational L1 transmission still takes place. However, the exclusive exposure to Swahili (medium of instruction and learning) in school has a detrimental effect on L1 usage, proficiency and maintenance. Swahili gradually becomes the most frequently used medium of communication among the young generation. Concurrently, the fragile L1 competence is eroding, e.g., L1 vocabulary is no longer acquired. As a consequence, Vidunda will soon face a massive loss of competent L1 speakers.

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