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Exploration of computer games in rehabilitation for brain damage

Conference paper
Authors Jurgen Broeren
Britt Johansson
Anna-Lena Bellner
Krister Pettersson
Olla Göransson
Magnus Fogelberg
Daniel Goude
Pär Larsson
Martin Rydmark
Published in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies
Pages 75-80
Publication year 2008
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Institute of Biomedicine
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Pages 75-80
Language en
Keywords Computer games, Haptics, Cognitive rehabilitation.
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences, Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Abstract

Cognitive and physical deficits are consequences of stroke/traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Without rehabilitation activity problems persist i.e. limitations to handle personal care, the work situation, and recreational activities. The aim of this study is to test an application of Virtual Reality (VR) technology with 3D computer games as an occupational therapy assessment/treatment method in rehabilitation for patients with cognitive and physical deficits. We also wanted to investigate if playing computer games resulted in improved cognitive function. An easy-to-use semi-immersive workbench with haptic game selection menu was located at an activity centre. The training activities were 3D computer games. Every time an activity was run, data about the hand movements were collected and analyzed. Quantitative variables were time (s) to perform the test, average velocity (m/s) and, tremor or uncertainty in movements HPR). Executive functioning was examined by utilizing Trial Making Test. The intervention involved five patients. Results provide evidence to support the use of 3D computer games in cognitive rehabilitation. As an implementation tool within the occupational therapy area, this technology seems to be well adapted to the technological and economical development of society in Sweden.

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