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The relation between risk, sense of coherence and well-being in parents of children with and without intellectual disabilities

Journal article
Authors Malin Broberg Olsson
Pernilla Larsman
Philip Hwang
Published in Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disability
Volume 5
Issue 4
Pages 227-236
Publication year 2008
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 227-236
Language en
Keywords Intellectual disabilities, parents, sense of coherence
Subject categories Applied Psychology

Abstract

Aims: The purpose of the present study was to study the nature and function of the relation between level of risk, SOC and well-being, over time, in mothers and fathers of preschool children with and without intellectual disabilities. The hypothesis that SOC functions as a moderator between risk and well-being was tested. Method: Parents of children with intellectual disabilities (62 (46 at follow-up) mothers and 49 (37 at follow-up) fathers) and control parents (178 (131 at follow-up) mothers and 141 (97 at follow-up) fathers) answered self-report measures on risk factors (child behavior problems, negative impact on the family and socioeconomic situation) and sense of coherence. Well-being and Quality of life were used as outcomes and were measured at baseline and at a one-year follow-up. The hypothesis of moderation was tested conducting multiple linear regression analyses. Results: The level of well-being was moderately stable over the two time points, with parents of children with ID having lower level of well-being than control parents both initially and after one year. Well-being was also related to level of SOC and cumulative risk with parents experiencing lower SOC or more risk also reporting lower well-being. The hypothesis of SOC acting as a moderator in the relation between cumulative risk and well-being found some support in the longitudinal analyses, but only for well-being (BDI-2r) among control mothers.

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