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The adhesion of the barnacle, Balanus improvisus, to poly(dimethylsiloxane) fouling-release coatings and poly(methyl methacrylate) panels: The effect of barnacle size on strength and failure mode

Journal article
Authors Mattias Berglin
Ann I. Larsson
Per R. Jonsson
P. Gatenholm
Published in Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Volume 15
Issue 12
Pages 1485-1502
ISSN 0169-4243
Publication year 2001
Published at Department of Marine Ecology, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory
Department of Marine Ecology
Pages 1485-1502
Language en
Links <Go to ISI>://000172350200008
Keywords biofouling, antifouling, poly(dimethylsiloxane), fouling-release coatings, adhesion, barnacles, balanus improvisus, low-energy surfaces, block-copolymers, side-chains, tributyltin, resistance, detachment, balanoides, seawater, forces
Subject categories Biological Sciences, Ecology


Measure men ts were made of the bond strength of cyprids and barnacles (Balanus improvisus) attached to poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) fouling-release coatings and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) panels as a function of barnacle base plate size (0.05-90 mm(2)). The vertical forces necessary to dislodge cyprids and newly metamorphosed barnacles (base plate < 0.5 mm(2)) were found to be equal for the two different substrates. This unexpected result was explained by the occurrence of cohesive failure in the cyprid/barnacle part. A significantly higher detachment force was observed for larger barnacles (base plate > 0.5 mm(2)) when dislodged from the PMMA compared to the PDMS. Analysis of the failure surfaces with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed a gradual transition in failure mode from a total cohesive within the barnacle to a mixed failure mode during barnacle growth. This transition. which is a measure of the balance between the cohesive strength of the barnacle base plate and the adhesion bond to the surface, occurs earlier or with smaller barnacles when detached from the PDMS. The quantification of the remaining fraction of the base plate at the polymeric failure surfaces appears to be a function of barnacle bioadhesive bond strength and is, therefore, suggested to be used as a new parameter for evaluating the release properties of new coatings formulations.

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