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A cost-minimization principle of adaptation of private car use in response to road pricing schemes.

Chapter in book
Authors Peter Loukopoulos
Tommy Gärling
Cecilia Jakobsson
S. Fujii
Published in Jensen-Butler, C., Larsen, M., Madsen, B., Nielsen, O. A., & Sloth, B. (Eds.), Road pricing, the economy, and the environment
ISBN 978 3 540 77149 4
Publisher Springer
Publication year 2008
Published at Department of Psychology
Language en
Links Heidelberg, Germany
Keywords Road pricing, private car use, adaptation
Subject categories Psychology


In this chapter, a theoretical framework is proposed with the aim of understanding reduction or changes in private car use in response to road pricing. It is argued that economic disincentives may activate car-use reduction or change goals in individuals and households. However, for car-use reduction or change goals to be implemented, other travel demand management measures are needed that make alternative travel options attractive. A review and classification of these other measures is provided of these other measures followed by an assessment of their potential effectiveness in this respect.

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