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Art and science, facts and knowledge

Journal article
Authors Bengt Brülde
Published in Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 111-127
ISSN 1071-6076
Publication year 2007
Published at Department of Philosophy
Pages 111-127
Language en
Keywords art, definitions, epistemology, facts and values, mental disorder, metaphysical realism, nominalism, physical disorder, social constructivism
Subject categories Psychiatry, Practical philosophy, Theoretical philosophy, Theory of science


The main purpose of my original article was to find out how the evaluative content of the concept of mental disorder, i.e. its "value component," should be characterized. Both Tyreman and Ross are focusing on other things, however. Tyreman seems to agree with my analysis, and his primary objective is to find out whether my general analytical approach can be extended to other areas, e.g. whether it can be used to analyze the concept of physical disorder or the concept of art. It is hard to tell whether Ross agrees with my view, since her entire commentary is focused on a few assumptions I made in the beginning of the paper, mainly in passing, to make my evaluative investigation more manageable. In short, the main content of my original paper is never really challenged, and I do not think I have to revise my view on the evaluative content of the concept of mental disorder. Both commentaries give rise to questions that are interesting in their own right, however, e.g. questions about art and science, and about facts and knowledge. This gives me the opportunity to develop my views on a number of topics that I never touched upon in the original article, e.g. the purpose of defining "mental disorder," the factual component of the concept, the connection between ontological and epistemological issues, and the value-neutrality of science. I am very grateful to the editors for allowing me to give such an extensive reply.

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