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Relaxation versus cognitive therapies for dental fear--a psychophysiological approach.

Journal article
Authors Jesper Lundgren
Sven G. Carlsson
Ulf Berggren
Published in Health Psychol
Volume 25
Issue 3
Pages 267-273
ISSN 0278-6133
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Odontology
Department of Psychology
Pages 267-273
Language en
Links psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=search...
Keywords adult, cognitive therapy, dental anxiety, fear, psychology, relaxation
Subject categories Odontological behavioural science, Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified

Abstract

By separating 127 adult dental-phobic patients according to fear etiology and psychophysiologic response style, the authors investigated the outcome of 2 dental fear treatments. Before and after either relaxation or cognitively oriented treatment, subjects were exposed to neutral and fear-relevant video sequences while the subjects' forehead muscle tension, heart rate, and skin conductance were recorded. Pre- to postintervention differences in self-reported dental fear, general fear, and trait anxiety were analyzed together with psychophysiological data. Both treatments resulted in a significant reduction of dental fear. Despite significant interaction effects of Treatment Modality × Psychophysiological Response Style, it could not be concluded that patients with different fear etiologies or response styles benefit differentially from the 2 treatments given. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

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