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Reklam - en objuden gäst? Allmänhetens uppfattningar om reklam i morgonpress och tv.

Doctoral thesis
Authors Marie Grusell
Date of public defense 2008-03-28
Opponent at public defense Richard Whalund
ISBN 978-91-88212-54-2
Publisher Göteborg University
Place of publication Göteborg
Publication year 2008
Published at Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMG)
Language sv
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/17224
Keywords Audience, advertising, attitude to advertising, view on advertising’s properties, third-person effects
Subject categories Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified

Abstract

The dissertation covers the audience’s view on advertising as mass media content. Advertising has rapidly become a natural part of the Swedish mass media community. But what do Swedish citizens think of advertising? The purpose of this study is to explore the public’s perception of advertising in a mass media context. In the study, advertisements that reach the public through morning newspapers and TV commercials are explored. These two media are the most widespread, both geographically and among different groups of people in Swedish society. The study is based on data gathered through a mail-distributed SOM survey to a systematically specified probability selection of Sweden’s population. Hence, the content is based on a national and representative data selection. The study’s primary results show that the public’s view on advertising appears to be linked to the mass media context. Well-received advertising can be described as being by personal choice, while depreciated advertising can be described as being forced upon us by mass media in general. The study also shows that the public judge advertisements’ properties differently. The public has an accepting attitude towards advertising in morning newspapers and think of the advertisements as being informa-tive. TV commercials suffer from the underlying contradiction of being thought of as annoying but still being a common conversation subject. The results show that mass media and advertising are believed to impact others. TV and morning newspapers are considered to have a greater impact than the advertising they contain. The study also shows unambiguous third-person effects; this indicates that if the sensation of per-sonal impact exists then this results in third-person effects. One interesting finding is that third-person effects are of unequal magnitude. Even if the public believes that mass media has a larger impact on a third party, the study shows that advertising has the strongest third-person effects.

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